Periodontal plastic surgery is designed to restore form and function to the gum tissue, periodontal ligament, and the bone that supports your teeth or an individual tooth. The real long-term goal of any periodontal surgery is to increase the life expectancy of the teeth and their usefulness; it is not a cure for periodontal disease. Basically, periodontal surgery removes tissue that has been transformed by the disease and then reconstructs the gums and surrounding tissues to better support the teeth and to recreate a normal appearance.
Gingival graft – or connective tissue graft, represents transplantation of a small volume of tissue for covering a gingival retraction or a lack of tissue. It ‘s necessary for the aesthetic (the visible smile) when the root of a tooth is exposed, resulting a longer tooth, when there is a lack of volume after an extraction, or when there is an unpleasant coloration on the gum, or transpires through. Gingival graft is a procedure that adds tissue (gingiva). Full cure time is 8 weeks.
Gingivectomy and coronary lengthening – At the opposite of a dental grafts, we have gingivectomy and coronary lengthening procedures that remove gum, where it is excessive. It is necessary in the aesthetics area (the visible smile) if we have small teeth, covered by gum. This procedure is very simple, heals extremely fast, and has immediate aesthetic impact. No need for suturing. The gum is healed completely between 10 and 14 days. In many cases, for getting permanent results, a bone contouring is necessary. Then talk about coronary lengthening. In this case, the healing time is 8 weeks, as in graft cases.